What causes blackheads and how to deal with them

Blackheads on the face are one of the symptoms of acne. Their correct name is an open comedone . Comedo is a small cyst that is formed due to blockage of the mouth of the hair follicle by keratinized masses. Comedones appear with excessive secretion of sebum, which, together with the cells of the desquamated epithelium, form a plug. If a comedone is hidden under the skin, it is called closed. Visually, it is a small white ball, noticeable when the skin is stretched and palpable. The head of an open comedone is visible above the surface of the epidermis and oxidizes, acquiring a black color because of this. Some people mistakenly believe that blackheads are the result of skin pollution, but in fact, tyrosine is oxidized in the comedone , resulting in the coloring pigment melanin. Black dots almost never become inflamed and do not turn into pustules.

How to get rid of blackheads: practical tips

Those who are faced with this problem are concerned about the question of how to get rid of black dots. It is impossible to dissolve an already existing comedone , it can only be removed with the help of cleaning.

You can squeeze out the comedone yourself, but doctors do not recommend doing this, so as not to infect and damage the skin. In addition, it is simply impossible to squeeze out all the black dots in order to achieve clean skin. It is better to consult a cosmetologist and undergo a cleaning procedure. The specialist will definitely offer you several cleaning options:

  • mechanical, which is carried out with special cosmetic loops, as well as with hands;
  • ultrasound – less traumatic and more comfortable for the patient, but not allowing to remove all papules, pustules, comedones ;
  • combined;
  • Hydra Facial is a cleaning procedure with special nozzles, which is carried out simultaneously with moisturizing and nourishing the skin.

Since comedones appear due to too active production of fat, daily high-quality cleansing of the skin can be considered the best prevention for the formation of black spots. To do this, you can use deep cleaning enzyme powder, deep cleansing gels, foams. To better clean out all the dirt and sebum, you can use special sponges for washing. With pronounced inflammation, the doctor may prescribe treatment – anti-inflammatory ointments and gels, local remedies with antibiotics.

It is important not to forget about exfoliation, because keratinized skin flakes accumulate, making the sebum even denser, forming plugs. A good healing effect is given by products with zinc and acids: glycolic, salicylic, mandelic. Clay masks help to improve the condition of the face. The key to healthy problematic skin is cleansing, exfoliation, moisturizing.

event_note August 2, 2022

account_box Dr. Peter B Milburn

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