The choice of an appropriate acne treatment regimen should be made by a dermatologist. The list of specific drugs will depend on the severity of the disease and individual characteristics. Acne treatment may include the use of both local remedies (creams, gels, ointments, solutions) and systemic drugs (capsules or tablets against acne and acne).
With mild acne, the skin has a large number of comedones and individual inflammatory elements. Medications for acne in tablets with a mild form are usually not prescribed. In such cases, as a rule, topical agents are used: topical retinoids ( adapalene ), azelaic acid, benzoyl peroxide. Also, the doctor may recommend applying antibacterial drugs to inflammatory elements (for example, a solution of the antibiotic clindamycin Zerkalin® ).
In addition, medical cosmetics are used, created specifically for the care of problem skin.
With moderate severity of acne, when a large number of inflammatory elements are already noticeable on the skin, in addition to drugs for topical application, acne pills on the skin can be prescribed – drugs for systemic therapy. These may be antibacterial agents that must be taken orally. For women, a doctor may prescribe combined oral contraceptives, and if treatment fails, systemic isotretinoin .
When acne is observed on large areas of the skin, you can not do without pills that help with acne, that is, without systemic drugs. After the examination, the dermatologist may prescribe systemic isotretinoin medications . If their use is not possible, in this case, combination therapy is selected, which may include antibacterial drugs for acne on the face, tablets – oral contraceptives, topical agents.
Is there a link between acne and diseases of the internal organs?
There is an opinion that acne always appears due to problems with the digestive system, and if you take pills to cleanse the body, they will also be effective against acne. This misconception probably arose due to the fact that antibiotics are used to treat many diseases of the internal organs, which also lead to an improvement in skin condition.
Studies show that digestive problems are indeed more common in people with acne. However, it has not yet been possible to establish and prove a causal relationship between gastrointestinal diseases and acne.
Acne treatment should always be carried out only under the supervision of a dermatologist. Sometimes acne really occurs against the background of other diseases, but even in these cases, you can not do without consulting a dermatologist. Your doctor may prescribe acne clearing pills and advise you to see other specialists, such as an endocrinologist or gynecologist, if you have other symptoms besides acne.