What causes black dots to appear and how to deal with them

Blackheads on the face are one of the symptoms of acne. Their correct name is open comedone . A comedone is a small cyst that forms due to the blockage of the mouth of the hair follicle by keratinized masses. Comedones appear with excessive sebum secretion, which, together with the cells of the desquamated epithelium, form a plug. If a comedone is hidden under the skin, it is called closed. Visually, it is a small white ball, noticeable when the skin is stretched and palpable. The head of an open comedone is visible above the surface of the epidermis and oxidizes, due to this, acquiring a black color. Some people mistakenly believe that blackheads are the result of skin pollution, but in fact, tyrosine is oxidized in comedones , resulting in the coloring pigment melanin. Blackheads almost never become inflamed or turn into pustules.  

How to get rid of blackheads: practical tips

Those who are faced with this problem are concerned about how to get rid of blackheads. It is impossible to dissolve an existing comedone ; it can only be removed by cleaning.

You can squeeze the comedone out on your own, but doctors do not recommend doing this, so as not to infect and damage the skin. In addition, it is simply impossible to squeeze out all the blackheads in order to achieve purity of the skin. It is better to consult a cosmetologist and go through the cleaning procedure. The specialist will definitely offer you several cleaning options:

  • mechanical, which is carried out with special cosmetic loops, as well as hands;
  • ultrasound – less traumatic and more comfortable for the patient, but does not allow removing all papules, pustules, comedones ;
  • combined;
  • Hydra Facial is a cleansing procedure with special attachments, which is carried out simultaneously with moisturizing and nourishing the skin.

Since comedones appear due to too active production of fat, daily high-quality skin cleansing can be considered the best prevention of the formation of blackheads. To do this, you can use deep cleaning enzyme powder, deep cleansing gels, foams. To better cleanse all impurities and sebum, you can use special cleansing sponges . With pronounced inflammation, the doctor may prescribe treatment – anti-inflammatory ointments and gels, local remedies with antibiotics.  

It is important not to forget about exfoliation, because keratinized skin scales accumulate, making the sebum even denser, forming plugs. A good healing effect is given by means with zinc and acids: glycolic, salicylic, almond. Clay masks help to improve the condition of the face. The key to the health of problem skin is cleansing, exfoliation, moisturizing. 

event_note August 11, 2021

account_box Dr. Peter B Milburn

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