Dermatoses with a high risk of oncological degeneration require the attention and support of a specialist. Distinguish between obligate and facultative pathologies. The first group of precancerous skin diseases is transformed into a malignant one almost always. The second assumes lower risks.
Reasons for rebirth
- Prolonged exposure to UV radiation.
- Endocrine disorders, failure in the immune system.
- Lack of timely therapy for benign pathology.
- Age (the older the person, the higher the likelihood of cancer).
- Nonspecific external factors: interaction with chemicals, regular mechanical injury or irritation, temperature exposure, excessive amount of ultraviolet radiation.
Precancerous diseases of the skin and mucous membranes
The group includes several types of pathologies. To prevent their development, it is important to monitor the condition of the skin, remove neoplasms , and timely undergo therapy for dermatological diseases.
Precancerous diseases of the skin of the face include actinic cheilitis. Pathology manifests itself on the lower lip. Characteristic scaly spots with an uneven surface are accompanied by swelling and roughness. If the condition is not diagnosed in a timely manner, the violation leads to the formation of squamous cell carcinoma.
The lesions are located mainly on open skin: hands, face, neck. The skin lesion is represented by hard keratinized areas that are difficult to separate and at the same time cause pain.
Among the precancerous neoplasms of the skin are atypical moles. Their sizes vary from 5-6 mm to several centimeters. Most often they have jagged edges, the color can vary from pink to brown, even black. The reason for consulting a dermatologist is a change in the shape, color or symmetry of the mole. Research is needed to rule out melanoma.
A type of actinic keratosis, which manifests itself in the form of cone-shaped formations. The size is a few millimeters in length. Localization of cancer cells – at the base of the horn. The provoking factor is prolonged exposure to the sun. The risk group includes light-skinned elderly people.
The key to effective treatment and prevention of precancerous diseases of the skin and mucous membranes is timely therapy of neoplasms. Experienced specialists work in the PsorMak clinic , here you can receive comprehensive advice and comprehensive assistance. The medical center offers dermatoscopic examination of neoplasms, removal of neoplasms by radio wave method and surgical, histological examination, as well as accompaniment and therapy of other types of pathologies .